1.1 atha yoganusasanam
Patanjali's Yoga Sutras is one of the most important classical texts of Eastern and world thougth on yoga and the very first sutra reads 'atha yoganusasanam', which loosely translates as ' Now, the Teaching of Yoga.' A simple statement, from which the whole text emerges.
The word atha means 'now', and in this case it refers to the present moment, to the here and now. According to Richard Freeman, beginning the Yoga Sutra with the word now implies that we have already tried everything else we can think of as a means of relieving suffering - we have tried sex, drugs, and rock and roll, religion, piety, and self-improvement seminars. None of this has truly worked, so now we are finally ready to investigate the root cause of suffering and to explore the methods and the path for eliminating suffering.